What is Wound Care?
When a person suffers a wound, their body heals through a dynamic process that can be divided into four different phases: the coagulation phase, the inflammatory phase, the proliferative phase, and the remodelling phase.
Wounds can be caused by injury, surgery, pressure, or friction. Any damage to a person’s skin is a breach of their body’s protective barrier, which is why being wounded greatly increases the risk of infections.
The process of helping the body quickly and efficiently transition through the three stages of healing is known as ‘wound care’. Good wound care is accomplished through interventions like protective dressings, debridement, moisture management, and effective nutrition.
When a wound fails to effectively move through the stages of healing, it goes from being an acute wound to a chronic wound. Common examples of chronic wounds are pressure sores, leg ulcers, and foot ulcers.
The Role of Nutrition in Wound Care
Good wound care is heavily intertwined with good nutrition. Without the right protein, energy, vitamins and minerals, the healing process is slower, and the risk of developing chronic wounds becomes greater. Protein, energy, iron, zinc, arginine and vitamin C are some of the most important nutrients in the wound healing process.
Unfortunately, people who are wounded often have trouble absorbing the nutrients they consume, or have increased nutritional needs that a regular diet can’t match, which can lead to delayed or reversed wound healing and the development of other health conditions, like malnutrition and pressure sores.
Nutritional supplements – taken alone or mixed with food – can make wound care easier, keep wound progression headed in the right direction, and stop infections and other health conditions from developing.
With the right nutrition, we can avert certain chronic wounds and help acute wounds heal quickly, preventing temporary inconveniences from becoming permanent, disabling conditions.
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